Diabetes and skin complications are very connected. If we don’t control our diabetes, it can affect every part of our body, including our skin. Some of the skin complications include diabetic dermopathy, necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum, diabetic blisters, and eruptive xanthomatosis.
To start with, when people with diabetes don’t control their blood sugar level, it can cause changes in the small blood vessels. Dermopathy often looks like light brown, scaly patches. These patches may be oval or circular. Also, this disorder most often occurs on the front of both legs. They do not hurt, open up, or itch. Dermopathy is harmless and doesn’t need to be treated.
Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum
Changes in the blood vessels can cause necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD). NLD is a rare condition that causes spots similar to diabetic dermopathy, but they are fewer, larger, and deeper. It often starts as a dull, red, raised area. After a while, it looks like a shiny scar with a violet border. The blood vessels under the skin may become easier to see. Unfortunately, sometimes NLD is itchy and painful.
Diabetes can also cause eruptive xanthomatosis. It consists of a firm, yellow, pea-like enlargements in the skin. Each bump has a red halo and may itch. This condition occurs most often on the backs of hands, feet, arms, legs and buttocks. Fortunately, these bumps disappear when diabetes control is restored.
Diabetic blisters (bullosis diabeticorum)
Rarely, people with diabetes can have blisters. Diabetic blisters can occur on the backs of fingers, hands, toes, feet and sometimes on legs or forearms. These sores look like burn blisters and often occur in people who have diabetic neuropathy. They are sometimes large, but they are painless and have no redness around them. Usually, they heal by themselves, usually without scars, in about three weeks. The only treatment is to bring blood sugar levels under control.
To conclude, there is a connection between diabetes and skin complications. To protect ourself from the skin complications, it is very important to take control of our diabetes, check our blood sugar level regularly as well as visit our endocrinologist regularly. However, if we face some skin complications and don’t know how to solve them, we should go to our dermatologist (skin doctor).