Take your insulin (or glucose-lowering medication) as prescribed
It is important to take your medication as directed. If you have frequent episodes of hyperglycemia, your doctor may adjust the dosage or timing of your medication.
Don’t consume too many calories (i.e., sugary beverages)
To be able to determine the cause of hyperglycemia, you must review the amount of carbohydrates in your meals and snacks after eating. To do so, it is important to do the following things:
Control the stress
During times of stress, the body releases stress hormones, which raise blood glucose levels. As a result of physical, mental, and emotional stress, stress hormones may be released. This gives the body extra energy to cope with stress in the short term. Hyperglycemia occurs when a person’s cells cannot utilize the extra energy if there isn’t enough insulin circulating in his bloodstream.
Stay active and exercise more often
Exercise usually lowers blood glucose levels. It improves your cells’ sensitivity to insulin and helps cells burn glucose for energy.
Go to your regularly scheduled doctor’s appointments
If you have trouble keeping your blood sugar within the desired range, schedule an appointment to see your doctor. He or she can help you make changes to better manage your diabetes. A common complication of diabetes is hyperglycemia. To prevent it, you need to take medication, exercise, and plan your meals carefully.
If you keep your blood glucose levels within the recommended ranges throughout the day, it will help you avoid long-term complications of diabetes. Some of them are:
- Eye damage
- Heart attack—or other cardiovascular complications
- Kidney damage
- Nerve damage
- Problems with healing wounds
To conclude, you can reduce your risk of all these complications. The most important thing is to keep your blood glucose levels in the normal range.